Thailand – the 17th anniversary of the Indian Ocean Tsunami

A highly effective underwater earthquake rumbled off the coast of northern coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, at 7:59am local time, setting off a series of underwater shockwaves that would ultimately be felt proper across the rim of the Indian Ocean.
It was the Boxing Day Tsunami (or Indian Ocean Tsunami, or Asian Tsunami) and it began affecting the shorelines across the Indian Ocean, first within the Indonesian area of Aceh, and then Thailand’s southern Andaman Sea shores not lengthy after on Sunday morning, December 26, 2004.
The magnitude 9.1 quake ruptured a 1,500-kilometre stretch of fault line the place the Indian and Australian tectonic plates meet. The heavier ocean plate slipped under a lighter continental plate. The effect, and placement, proved deadly for anyone living alongside the shorelines of the Indian Ocean.
Within 20 minutes of the earthquake, the primary of a quantity of 22 – 33 metre high waves hit the shoreline of Banda Aceh, killing one hundred,000+ folks. Then, in succession, waves rolled over coastlines in Thailand, India and Sri Lanka, killing tens of thousands extra. 8 hours later and eight,000 kilometres from its Asian epicentre, the tsunami claimed its final casualties on the coast of South Africa. In all, 230,000 – 250,000 people died, or were by no means found, making it one of many deadliest pure disasters in recorded history.
The tsunami reached Phuket and coastal provinces nearby round 10am, causing uncountable losses, devastating the low-lying coastal cities of Patong, Kamala and Koh Phi Phi. Some of the other island seashores had less injury with steep shoreline breaks that took plenty of the initial power out of the waves.
Just north of Phuket, in Khao Lak, that they had a very gentle sloping coastline, so the waves travelled swiftly and reached into areas up to kilometre inshore. Poom Jensen, the grandson of the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej, and a nephew of the current Thai King, was killed whilst his family was holidaying at Khao Lak.
three large waves that swept inland along components of the Andaman Coast on that day.
Official Thai authorities statistics estimate four,812 souls had been lost to the waves on December 26, 2004, with another 8,457 injured and four,499 missing, presumed lifeless.
While confirmed deaths in Phuket officially numbered solely 259, another 700 remained listed as lacking.
At Expert were capable of clean up and re-open a few of their motels inside weeks. A yr later much of the injury had been cleaned up and repaired. NGOs rushed to Thailand to help in the clear up and identification process of the dead.
The tsunami and its aftermath have been responsible for immense destruction and loss around the rim of the Indian Ocean. Some locations reported that the waves had reached a height of 20 metres, or more, when they hit the shoreline. In Aceh, up to 30 metres. Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives and Thailand sustaining large injury.
17 years after the Indian Ocean tsunami swept ashore, a container on the Takua Pa police station in Phang Nga, southern Thailand, still contains personal gadgets from the tons of of victims whose remains are unlikely to ever be given a reputation.
Wallets, documents, keys, electronic objects, all labeled and catalogued as proof, await positive identification. Nearby Banned contains 340 bodies buried in unmarked graves but police hope that, if people came forward to establish a number of the objects, there may be nonetheless hope that some of the bodies may relaxation in peace with a name attached.
Here’s a narrative in regards to the maintenance of the Tsunami Warning bouys.

Fast facts: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

• The Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, which caused the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, is estimated to have released power equal to 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs • In Banda Aceh, the landmass closest to the quake’s epicentre, tsunami waves topped 100 feet (30 metes) • The tsunami’s waves traveled across the Indian Ocean at 500 mph, the speed of a jet aircraft • The 2004 Indonesia earthquake caused a shift in the Earth’s mass that modified the planet’s rotation • Total materials losses from the tsunami were estimated at US$10 million

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